Author: Charles Stewart Doty
A number of biographies and business histories illuminate the Industrial Revolution. On its economic aspects see, for example, Samuel Smiles, Selections from the Lives of the Engineers, edited by T. P. Hughes (Cambridge, Mass., ...
The discussion of the Industrial Revolution has revolved around two issues. First, there was the economic process of industrialization, taking into account what it was and why, when, and how it occurred. Secondly, there was the social effect, whether this industrialization raised or lowered the workers' standard of living. The selections in this book are representative views on each of these two issues. Moreover, the selections on each issue are arranged chronologically to show how historical knowledge has unfolded, how new evidence has been discovered, and how each new group of historians has reinterpreted the Industrial Revolution in the light of the new evidence. The selections on the process of industrialization were written from the 1880s to the 1960s. Those on the standard of living, from the 1840s to the 1960s. - Introduction.